Home MMBIZ News India Raises Interest Rates Again, Warns On Inflation

India Raises Interest Rates Again, Warns On Inflation

India’s central bank raised its policy interest rate for the second time in as many months on Tuesday last week, warning that inflation is likely to remain elevated for the rest of the fiscal year, and rolled back an emergency measure put in place in July to support the slumping rupee.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) lifted its policy repo rate by 25 basis points (bps) to 7.75 percent, in line with the expectations of most analysts in a recent Reuters poll, despite the risks to an economy beset by sluggish growth.
“Overall WPI (wholesale price index) inflation is expected to remain higher than current levels through most of the remaining part of the year, warranting an appropriate policy response,” RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan said in his review.
Rajan, a high-profile former chief economist at the International Monetary Fund, took office in early September and stunned markets in his first policy review just weeks later by raising interest rates to combat fierce price pressures dogging Asia’s third-largest economy.
“Today’s move was a follow-through of the hawkish September policy guidance as high and persistent inflation is seen as an impediment to the medium-term growth outlook,” said Radhika Rao, economist at DBS in Singapore.
“The new policy approach is a single-minded focus to contain inflationary expectations, with or without support from fiscal policy,” she said.
India’s benchmark 10-year bond yield dropped as much as 6 basis points from before the policy statement to 8.58 percent. The rupee trimmed earlier losses to trade flat on the day.
Annual food inflation accelerated to 18.4 percent in September, its highest since mid-2010, pushed up by prices of vegetables including onions and stirring public discontent ahead of national elections which must be held by next May.
India’s economy grew at 4.4 percent in the June quarter, the slowest since early 2009. The 5 percent growth rate recorded in the last fiscal year through March was the weakest in a decade.
The RBI expects the economy again to grow at 5 percent in the current fiscal year that ends in March.
The headline wholesale price index (WPI) unexpectedly hit a seven-month high in September of 6.46 percent as food prices surged, while the consumer price index jumped an annual 9.84 percent.
The rupee slumped to record lows in August, at one point sliding some 20 percent for the year, on concerns about the country’s gaping current account and fiscal deficits, and as global investors dumped emerging market assets for fear the US Federal Reserve was set to start tapering its massive stimulus programme.                                    Reuters

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