Myanmar’s parliament on Tuesday last week approved a telecommunications bill in a bid to further open up the country’s telecom market.
According to the approved telecommunications bill, foreign telecom companies are allowed to operate in the country with licence duration of minimum five years to maximum 20 years, state-run media reported.
The telecommunications bill was submitted to the union parliament for approval last November.
The bill, however, still requires the signature of President U Thein Sein to come into effect.
On June 27, Norway’s Telenor and Qatar’s Ooredoo became the first international companies to receive licences to operate mobile services in Myanmar.
“We have not yet had an opportunity to review the legislation but look forward to the final approval of the Telecommunications Law and to also reviewing the implementing regulations,” Telenor said in a statement.
“A clear and stable regulatory and legislative framework that ensures predictability and a level and transparent playing field is important for a long-term investor such as Telenor,” the Norwegian telecom giant said.
Telenor said it is still finalising the terms and conditions of the licence.
Myanmar’s government invited public tender from local and international investors for two telecommunications licences in January. A total of 91 telecommunication companies submitted bids and 11 were shortlisted for the licence awarding.
Currently, state-run Myanmar Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) and Yatanarpon Teleport Co Ltd are the only operator in the country’s communication services.
The ministry has reportedly planned to extend the country’s phone lines up to 10 million in 2013-14 fiscal year. The government also plans to increase the percentage of mobile phone users to 80 percent by 2015. Currently, only about 9 percent of Myanmar’s 60 million population have access to mobile phones.
The government is implementing a plan to increase the telephone density to 22.8 percent in the fiscal year 2013-14, 50 percent in 2014-15, and between 75 and 80 percent in 2015-16.
In April MPT started selling low-cost SIM cards for K1,500 on a lottery basis.
The telecoms bill has been closely watched by several rights organisation including US-based Human Rights Watch, which in May after reviewing a version of the draft bill raised serious concerns that the new law would provide inadequate protections against abuses in a country with a long history of censorship and surveillance.
HRW said that given the risk of complicity in rights abuses, the telecom firms should strive to increase transparency around government restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and privacy.
“The companies should secure permission to publish the terms of any operating agreements and publicly issue a regular transparency report on how they have responded to government requests to limit the rights to freedom of expression and privacy. The companies should report publicly on their progress in meeting their human rights responsibility as they finalise the terms of their entry,” HRW said in a statement earlier.